THE HISTORY OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH IN TURKEY


The first regulations related to protect the health and safety of employees in our country was published in the second half of the 19th century. These regulations were made for the mining sector in our country as in the whole world. Following the establishment of Turkey Grand National Assembly, the issue of occupational safety and health has been brought to the agenda and various legal regulations have started to be made. In The Labor Law, published in 1936, basic provisions on occupational health and safety were included. The articles ralated to occupational safety and health had taken place in the labor laws published after this date. In 1999, the process of alignment with the EU acquis has started in the field of occupational safety and health. In 2003, the Labor Law No. 4857, which contains provisions on occupational health and safety, was published and harmonization studies were carried out with the regulations of this Law.

When the state organization structure is evaluated in terms of occupational health and safety, it is seen that the General Directorate of Occupational Safety and  Health is one of the main service units of the Ministry of Labour which was established in 1945. With the establishment of the Labor Inspection Board within the Ministry in 1983, the General Directorate was transformed into the Head of the Department of Workers' Health. With the regulations that had published in 2000 and 2003, it has gained status of General Directorate again and had strengthened with new duties. Considering the development of work life, dynamism and EU candidacy process in our country, it is important step to structure of the occupational safety and health issue in the level of General Directorate.

After becoming a member of League of Nations in 1932, Turkey has gained a membership of International Labor Organization. In 1968, "Occupational Health and Safety Special Fund Project Preliminary Implementation Agreement" was signed by The Republic of Turkey, United Nations Development Program Special Fund Administration (UNDP) and the International Labor Organization representatives. Then, With the decision of the Council of Ministers dated March 26, 1969, “Worker’s Health and Occupational Safety Center (İSGÜM) was established under the General Directorate of Worker’s Health. With the establishment of İSGÜM, the presence of a unit to carry out research activities has accelerated the studies in this field. Since the day it was first established in order to make healthy and safe working environments, workplace environment measurement, test and analysis and health surveillance studies have been carried out with advanced laboratory technical infrastructure and competent personnel by İSGÜM. Today, ISGUM is a unit of the General Directorate of Occupational Health and Safety, which authorizes laboratories serving in the field of occupational hygiene, and makes significant contributions to the development of occupational health and safety through its research and development activities.

The General Directorate of Occupational Health and Safety continues to work as one of the main service units of the Ministry of Family, Labor and Social Services in the post-transition structure of the Presidential Government System in 2018. Close...

International Occupational Safety and Health Congress is an important event that contributes to the development of OHS culture with its contents prepared in accordance with different target audiences and current issues of working life and that the new developments and good practices in the world in the field of OHS are discussed.
In the 10th Congress, which takes into consideration the changes in working life and aims to bring together all the actors in this field, the contributions of the strong communication bridge between the state, the employee and the employer to establish safe workplaces will be discussed with the theme of “Strong Communication, Safe Workplace”.

Our Ministry has taken the Occupational Safety and Health Week, which has been celebrated every year since 1987, one step further with the “International Occupational Safety and Health Congresses” which have been held every two years since 2001. In addition, in 2011, together with the International Labor Organization (ILO) and the International Social Security Association (ISSA), it hosted the 19th World Congress on Occupational Safety and Health in Istanbul and made a successful organization.

The main themes of the international congresses and conferences to this date are listed below.

  • Health, Environment and Safety Management in Enterprises,
  • Occupational Safety and Health in SMEs,
  • Special Risk Groups,
  • Security Culture,
  • Risk assessment,
  • The Role of Labor Inspection / Occupational Safety and Health Impact of the Global Economy,
  • Improving Occupational Safety and Health in the Workplace,
  • Sustainable Occupational Safety and Health,
  • Coordination and Cooperation in Occupational Safety and Health
10th International Congress on Occupational Safety and Health to be held this year will host leading academics, experts, work life related parties and students coming together from all over the world will have the opportunity to share knowledge, experience and good practices under the main theme of “Strong Communication, Safe Workplace” in "3th to - 6th May 2020" in Istanbul Congress Center.

The 19th World Congress on Safety and Health at work was successfully held with the highest participation ever achieved in 11-15 September 2011 in Istanbul, the capital city of Culture 2010, with a total of 5386 participants comprised of 3590 local people and 1796 foreigners from 145 different countries. The participation of Mr. Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, President of the Republic of Turkey, to the congress made a significant contribution to taking public attention and raising public awareness on occupational safety and health. This congress has also been an opportunity to show the political will of Turkey on this issue. The “Istanbul Declaration” was signed and published at the end of the Ministerial Summit attended by the Labor Ministers of 33 countries. The “Istanbul Declaration" which was signed at the level of the Ministers of Labor, enabled the Congress to take a special place in OSH history. In addition, the 19th World Congress on Occupational Health and Safety has achieved many firsts as follows;

  • For the first time, the Ministerial Summit
  • Maximum number of participants (5386)
  • Most international participants (1796)
  • Maximum number of applications for papers (1076)
  • Maximum number of participating countries (145 countries)
  • Maximum number of exhibitors (13667)
  • Most movies and multimedia applications (232)
  • Participation of the most accredited press organizations (203)

Join our e-mail list to be
informed about innovations

Gönder

Important Dates
  • Disclosure of Assessment Results
    April 10, 2020
  • Early Registration Deadline
    March 13, 2020
Supporting Institutions and Organizations

National and International Organizations

Main Supporter